I decided to look further into the techniques of Camera-less photography. These techniques may have the potential to give me the essence of objects that once were there but no longer. They show an image that never really existed, from the light dark and shadows. Always an original and not made from a negative.

“Encountered as fragments, traces, signs, memories or dreams, they leave room for the imagination, transforming the world of objects into a world of visions.” http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/c/camera-less-photography-techniques/

  • Chemigram: made in direct light through the manipulation of the surface of photographs using varnishes, oils or photographic chemicals for creative effect.
  • Digital C-print: using a digital printer, photographic paper is exposed to the red, green and blue lasers and then processed using traditional methods. A way of producing multiples for camera-less imagery.
  • Dye Destruction Print: made using direct positive colour paper, originally used for printing transparencies or negatives. This paper has three dyed primary colour emulsion layers, and on development the exposed dyes form the image.
  • Gelatin Silver Print: made when paper has been coated with gelatin and silver salts. The salts become dark on contact with light and the image is developed chemically.
  • Photogram: made from placing an object in contact with a photosensitive surface in the dark then exposing both to light.
  • Luminogram: made when light hitting the paper forms the image, like a photogram. Objects are placed between the light source and the paper but not on the paper.
  • Scanography: Using scanners to create images.
  • Found Photography: using your photographic vision to find and create are from images taken by others.
  • Sun Photography: Using the power of the sun to expose the image from objects placed on the light sensitive paper.

Notable artists are Floris Neusüss, Pierre Cordier, Garry Fabian Miller, Susan Derges, Adam Fuss.

  • Floris Neusüss who’s whole career was focussed on the Photogram.
  • Pierre Cordier founder of the Chemigram process.
  • Garry Fabian Miller developed an enlargement process linking plants and photographs.
  • Susan Derges focuses on the patterns of sound waves to the flow of rivers.
  • Adam Fuss, photogram artist.


AlternativePhotography.com. (2019). AlternativePhotography.com. [online] Available at: http://www.alternativephotography.com/ [Accessed 13 May 2019].

Baldwin G. (1991), Looking at Photographs: A Guide to Technical Terms Los Angeles and London (J. Paul Getty Museum in association with the British Museum Press)

Cooke, A. (2019). Two Ways to Improve Your Photography Without a Camera. [online] Fstoppers. Available at: https://fstoppers.com/education/two-ways-improve-your-photography-without-camera-235822 [Accessed 13 May 2019].

wikipedia.org. (2019). Found photography. [online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Found_photography [Accessed 13 May 2019].

Henry, D P. (2019) Cameraless Photography. [online] Available at: http://desmondhenry.com/cameraless-photography/ [Accessed 13 May 2019].

Kanfer, D. (2019). An Introduction to Photogram/Contact Printing. [online] Photo & Video Envato Tuts+. Available at: http://photography.tutsplus.com/tutorials/an-introduction-to-photogramcontact-printing–photo-772 [Accessed 13 May 2019].

Kantor, J. (2015). Can a photographer be a photographer without a camera?. [online] QUORA.COM. Available at: https://www.quora.com/Can-a-photographer-be-a-photographer-without-a-camera [Accessed 13 May 2019].

Nadeau L. (1989) Encyclopedia of Printing, Photographic and Photomechanical Processes New Brunswick, NJ (Atelier Luis Nadeau)

(2019). Cameraless Photography…Scanner Art Photography… – Art, Photography, T-Shirts, Greeting Cards | Redbubble. [online] Available at: http://www.redbubble.com/groups/camera-less-photography [Accessed 13 May 2019].

com. (2019). Things Merging And Falling Apart – Tatiana Gulenkina. [online] Available at: http://www.tatianagulenkina.com/ [Accessed 13 May 2019].

ac.uk. (2019). Camera-less photography: artists – Victoria and Albert Museum. [online] Available at: http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/c/camera-less-photography-artists/ [Accessed 13 May 2019].

(2019). Creators. [online] Available at: http://thecreatorsproject.vice.com/blog/8-photographers-who-dont-use-cameras-to-take-pictures [Accessed 13 May 2019].

com. (2019). Videos about “camera-less photography” on Vimeo. [online] Available at: https://vimeo.com/tag:camera-less+photography [Accessed 13 May 2019].

(2019). Pierre T. Lambert. [online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UChuxvFyBYM3VtnLDz8l6vNA [Accessed 13 May 2019].

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